Fibromyalgia: a condition characterised by fatigue, chronic pain and sleep disturbances

June 28, 2021


2m 14s


Fibromyalgia (FM) is a condition characterized by chronic, widespread pain. It often presents with fatigue, sleep problems, forgetfulness, and mood changes.

No medical and scientific evidence has yet been found to explain it, but it is known that there are factors that influence it. Some factors may be genetics, infections, physical trauma, or stress. Another problem with the disorder is that it remains difficult for health professionals to diagnose.  

Who is affected by fibromyalgia? 

The sensation of pressure at specific points resembles joint pain, although fibromyalgia is more of a rheumatological or soft-tissue pathology. It is currently suffered from between 2% and 6% of the population (around 6 million people worldwide) and is a highly prevalent health problem.

About 85% of its patients are women between 20 and 60 years of age. Chronic pain affects people's work and family life and can present on its own, which is primary fibromyalgia, or be associated with other diseases, considered concomitant fibromyalgia.

What are its main symptoms?

  • Permanent pain that worsens with climatic changes.
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling in hands and feet
  • Tiredness
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Headaches
  • Irritable colon
  • Dry mouth and eyes

Why is fibromyalgia difficult to diagnose and how is it determined?

One of the problems with fibromyalgia is that it cannot be diagnosed by laboratory tests, x-rays, blood tests, or biopsies. However, they are mainly used to rule out other diseases that may be associated with fibromyalgia.

The diagnosis is made in patients with generalized musculoskeletal pain (pain in the muscles/bones/tendons/ligaments/joints/cartilage) that has been present for several months and in whom other possible causes have been excluded.

The doctor identifies pain from pressure at specific points on the body. When more than 11 of the 18 points of pain are identified in a person with widespread pain, a diagnosis of fibromyalgia can be made. Another alternative is the greater ease of reddening of the skin when pressing with the hand anywhere on the body.

Hyperbaric Chamber Treatment: an alternative for pain relief

Hyperbaric Chamber Therapy favors recovery in all processes that present inflammation and pain, since, by having greater availability of oxygen in the blood, a de-inflammatory effect is achieved. Likewise, it does not attack other processes in the organism, as no drugs or medicines are administered to the patient.

Benefits provided by Hyperbaric Treatment: 

  • Regulates the anti-inflammatory action
  • Repairs tissues by the formation of new blood vessels.
  • Increases peripheral and central nervous system blood flow
  • Reduces muscle fatigue
  • Prevents and treats infections
  • Accelerates recovery from injuries
  • Promotes healing of wounds and burns
  • Improves quality of life

Studies in different Hyperbaric Medicine centers around the world have demonstrated its effectiveness in reducing the different pain points in patients with Fibromyalgia. With the hyperbaric chamber, it is possible to reduce from 17.5 to 5 pain points in some cases with a very good response. The effect is achieved from the first session but becomes more evident from session 15 onwards.

Hyperbaric oxygen reduces inflammation by a different mechanism to the anti-inflammatory effect achieved with exercise, so hyperbaric chamber treatment can probably be an excellent enhancer of other treatments in patients with fibromyalgia.